The United States recognized Afghanistan in 1921 after its independence from the United Kingdom. Diplomatic relations were established by sending an American envoy in 1935. The first U.S. Legation in Kabul opened in 1942 and was elevated to embassy status in 1948.
When the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in 1979, the U.S. supported both the Afghan resistance fighters and diplomatic efforts to achieve a Soviet withdrawal. However, the U.S. Embassy closed in 1989 due to concerns that the new Taliban regime would be unable to maintain security or adequately protect diplomats following the final Soviet departure. It reopened in 2002 after NATO forces overthrew the Taliban. Construction was completed on a new embassy compound in 2005.
- Assisting in the construction of new American consulates in Mazar el Sharif and Herat
- Donating fire trucks to fight fires and help train Afghan firefighters
- Sponsoring the training of police and customs officers from Afghanistan and Tajikistan
- Commemorating World Water Day on March 22 to highlight the importance of clean and safe water as a crucial element to the health, safety, and security of a successful and self-sustaining Afghanistan
- Supporting the design, planning, and construction of a new national museum in Kabul
- Bringing together prominent human rights activists and community leaders for informal discussions about the role of civil society in promoting and sustaining human rights in Afghanistan