Located at the crossroads of European-Asian trading routes, Azerbaijan was fought over by Russian, Persian and Ottoman forces for centuries. After the collapse of the Russian Empire in 1917, Azerbaijan briefly became an independent state before becoming part of the Soviet Union.
The United States established diplomatic relations with Azerbaijan in 1992 following its independence from the Soviet Union. Together, the two countries work to promote European energy security, expand bilateral trade and investment, and combat terrorism and transnational threats. The United States is committed to strengthening democracy and promoting economic diversification in Azerbaijan. The United States strongly supports efforts to peacefully resolve the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and reopen the closed border with Armenia, and promote regional stability, peace, and prosperity.
U.S. Government assistance to Azerbaijan aims to encourage reforms that promote the development of democratic institutions and processes, sustainable economic growth, as well as regional stability, peace, and prosperity. Azerbaijan and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council, International Monetary Fund, and World Bank. Today, the U.S. embassy is in Baku. For more information on our relationship with Azerbaijan, please click here.
Source, United States Department of State, Office of the Historian and Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs.