Since achieving its independence from British and Egyptian rule in 1956, Sudan experienced recurring civil wars primarily between North and South. Following a referendum, the Republic of South Sudan declared independence on July 9, 2011. The United States recognized the Republic of South Sudan the same day.
Several disputes between Sudan and South Sudan remain unresolved post-independence, including demarcation of the border, status and rights of the citizens of each country in the other, and the status of the Abyei region. The United States supports the efforts of the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel to help the parties work through these issues.
In 2013, longstanding political tensions erupted into widespread violence. The U.S. government is the leading international donor to South Sudan, and provides lifesaving humanitarian assistance and essential services such as health care and education to the millions of South Sudanese citizens displaced or otherwise affected since the start of the crisis.
The U.S. government also supports civil society and independent media to ensure that diverse voices are heard, and supports activities in conflict mitigation, trauma awareness and reconciliation. Restoring stability in South Sudan will require ending conflicts and addressing the grievances behind them, strengthening core institutions and governance processes to make them more inclusive, and responding to the expectations of the population for essential services and improved livelihoods. Today the U.S. embassy is in Juba. For more information on our relationship with South Sudan, please click here.
Source, United States Department of State, Office of the Historian and Bureau of African Affairs.