U.S. Embassy Mexico City, Mexico

The United States first recognized Mexico as an independent nation in 1822 and sent the first U.S. envoy in 1825. In 1846, the two nations went to war after the United States annexed Texas, which had broken away from Mexico and declared independence ten years earlier. At the end of the war, Mexico ceded roughly half its territory to the United States and the countries reestablished diplomatic relations. In 1899, the U.S. Legation in Mexico was elevated to an embassy. In 1914 Mexico broke diplomatic relations with the United States as a result of the Tampico Incident and the United States occupation of Veracruz. Formal ties were reestablished in 1917. In 1961m the United States built its current embassy located in Mexico City.

U.S. relations with Mexico are strong and vital. The two countries share a 2,000-mile border with 55 active ports of entry, and bilateral relations between the two have a direct impact on the lives and livelihoods of millions of Americans, whether the issue is trade and economic reform, education exchange, citizen security, drug control, migration, entrepreneurship and innovation, or energy cooperation. The scope of U.S.-Mexican relations is broad and goes beyond diplomatic and official relations. It encompasses extensive commercial, cultural, and educational ties, with some 1.7 billion dollars of two-way trade and hundreds of thousands of legal border crossings each day. In addition, 1.5 million U.S. citizens live in Mexico, and Mexico is the top foreign destination for U.S. travelers.

Mexico is the United States’ second-largest export market (after Canada) and third-largest trading partner (after Canada and China). In 2018, two-way trade in goods and services totaled $678 billion. Mexico’s exports rely heavily on supplying the U.S. market, but the country has also sought to diversify its export destinations. About 80 percent of Mexico’s exports in 2018 went to the United States. In 2018, Mexico was the third-largest supplier of foreign crude oil to the United States, as well as the largest export market for U.S. refined petroleum products and U.S. natural gas.

The border region represents a combined population of approximately 15 million people. Cooperation between the United States and Mexico along our border includes coordinating with state and local officials on cross-border infrastructure, transportation planning, and security, as well as collaboration with institutions that address migration, natural resources, environment, and health issues.

Today, the U.S. embassy is located in Mexico City.

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United States Department of State, Office of the Historian and Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs.

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U.S. Embassy & Consulates in Mexico

Embassy of Mexico