us embassy in tokyo japan

U.S. Embassy Tokyo, Japan

In 1854, the United States and Japan granted each other formal recognition with a Treaty of Peace and Amity following Commodore Matthew Perry’s 1853 arrival in Japan. Full diplomatic relations were established in 1858 and a U.S. legation (a diplomatic liaison office) arrived in Japan the next year. In 1890, the U.S. government first leased the site of the present embassy for the American Legation, opening a full embassy in 1906. Diplomatic relations were severed the day after the Japanese military attacked Pearl Harbor and only reestablished in 1952, following the disbanding of Japan’s post-war Allied occupation. Relations since that time have been very positive, with the two countries operating under a Mutual Security Treaty.

Japan is one of the world’s most successful democracies and largest economies. The U.S.-Japan Alliance is the cornerstone of U.S. security interests in Asia and is fundamental to regional stability and prosperity. The Alliance is based on shared vital interests and values, including the maintenance of stability in the Indo-Pacific region: the preservation and promotion of political and economic freedoms; support for human rights and democratic institutions; and, the expansion of prosperity for the people of both countries and the international community as a whole.

The U.S.-Japan bilateral relationship features substantial trade and investment flows. However, the United States’ goods trade deficit with Japan is the third-largest one in the world. U.S. economic policy toward Japan seeks to address this trade deficit through free, fair, and reciprocal trade. In particular, the U.S. aims to expand access to Japan’s markets, increase two-way investment, stimulate domestic demand-led economic growth, promote economic restructuring, improve the climate for U.S. investors, and raise the standard of living in both countries. Japan represents a major market for many U.S. goods and services, including agricultural products, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, films and music, commercial aircraft, nonferrous metals, plastics, medical and scientific supplies, and machinery. U.S. imports from Japan include vehicles, machinery, optic and medical instruments, and organic chemicals. U.S. direct investment in Japan is mostly in the finance/insurance, manufacturing, and wholesale sectors. Japanese direct investment in the United States is mostly in the wholesale trade and manufacturing sectors.

Japan and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, G7, G-20, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, ASEAN Regional Forum, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization. Japan is also a Partner for Cooperation with the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and an observer to the Organization of American States. In 2019, Japan assumed the G-20 presidency and hosted numerous ministerial meetings as well as the G-20 Leaders’ Summit in Japan.

The current U.S. embassy in Tokyo was built in 1978. Along with the embassy, there are consulates in Naha, Osaka, Sapporo, Fukuoka, and Nagoya.

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United States, Department of State, Office of the Historian and Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs

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U.S. Embassy and Consulates in Japan