The United States established diplomatic relations with Eritrea in 1993 following its independence and separation from Ethiopia. The United States supported Eritrea’s independence, but ongoing government detention of political dissidents, the closure of the independent press, limits on civil liberties, allegations of human rights abuses, and the expulsion of some U.S. government agencies have contributed to strained U.S.-Eritrean relations. Eritrea’s authoritarian regime is controlled entirely by the president, who heads the sole political party, which has ruled the country since 1991.
U.S. interests in Eritrea include reconciling ongoing disputes with Ethiopia and Djibouti, urging progress toward a democratic political culture, citing and addressing human rights issues, promoting economic reform, and encouraging Eritrea to contribute to regional stability. At the Eritrean Government’s request, the United States no longer provides bilateral assistance to Eritrea. The United States has no military-to-military cooperation with Eritrea. Today the U.S. embassy is in Asmara. For more information on our relationship with Eritrea, please click here.
Source, Office of the Historian and Bureau of African Affairs.