The Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance at the Department of State helps to form key strategies and goals of the U.S. government on arms control. These strategies and goals cover two broad areas: assisting the United States and other nations in negotiating arms control and disarmament treaties; and creating strong relationships with other nations to aid in the implementation of treaties. Ultimately, the work of the bureau improves the security of the United States and all the nations of the world.
During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union faced each other as hostile superpowers and amassed large stockpiles of nuclear weapons. Starting in the 1970s, the two countries signed a series of treaties aimed at reducing their arms stockpiles. With the fall of the Soviet Union, the United States and Russia worked to reduce hostilities and create a relationship of confidence and mutual respect.
The New START Treaty is the latest arms control treaty between the two nations. The treaty officially entered into force with the exchange of Instruments ofRatification between former U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov in Munich, Germany on February 5, 2011.