Cold War Diplomacy (1945-1991)

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    Autographed First Pitch Baseball

    In the mid-1940s, an American named J. Robert Fluker was living in Afghanistan and teaching at Habibia College in Kabul. Fluker, whose teaching position was funded by the U.S. Department of State, decided to introduce the game of baseball to his students. In 1946, during the opening game, the Prime Minister of…

  • Public Program

    Stuck Behind the Iron Curtain: Race, Citizenship, and Red Scares

    February 15, 2023

    In Person

    Join NMAD on February 15th to commemorate Black History Month through the story of Robert Robinson, a Black American who unwillingly spent 44 years in Soviet Russia. Bill Davis, a Black Foreign Service Officer, assisted in his repatriation.

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    East German Flag

    East German flag given to Foreign Service Officer Paul Denig, circa 1993, in gratitude for re-training Russian teachers into English teachers at the Teacher’s College of Magdeburg, Germany.

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    Robert Neumann's Suitcase

    Ambassador Robert G. Neumann was born in Vienna, Austria, in 1916. He studied diplomacy at the University of Vienna, the University of Rennes, and at the Geneva School of International Studies. During his studies in Geneva, he was imprisoned by the Nazis and sent to a concentration camp. After his release, Neumann…

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    Russian Nesting Dolls

    This set of Russian nesting dolls, also known as matryoshka dolls, depicts U.S. Ambassador to the Soviet Union Robert S. Strauss and various Soviet officials. Ambassador Strauss served first as ambassador to the Soviet Union (1991) and then became the ambassador to Russia (1991-1992) after the Soviet Union ceased to be. Foreign…

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    Framed Exequaturs

    Three framed exequaturs signed by Indonesian President Soeharto (Suharto), belonging to a family of U.S. Foreign Service Officers: father Robert Slutz (1970), daughter Pamela Slutz (1986), and husband Ronald Deutch (1986). An exequatur is a formal document signed by a country’s leader that recognizes the appointment of a foreign diplomat to serve…

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    INF "Hidden Missile" Mug

    In 1987, the United States and the Soviet Union signed the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, which required both parties to eliminate all nuclear and conventional ground-launched ballistic and cruise missiles with a certain striking range. The treaty included protocols regarding inspection of each other’s missile production and storage sites to ensure…

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    "Free At Last" Artwork

    This artwork was given to Bruce Laingen, one of the 52 American hostages held in Iran for 444 days from 1979-1981. It depicts President Jimmy Carter and the iconic symbol of the hope for the hostages’ safe release – a yellow ribbon – tied around a tree. One of a series of…

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    "State Department Murders" Novel

    "State Department Murders" novel by Edward Ronns, published in 1950. The story features fictional State Department officers and draws heavily on the environment of security fears and paranoia at the beginning of the Cold War in the late 1940s. During this time period, the “Lavender Scare” and McCarthyism resulted in the persecution…

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    Yellow Carpet Memento

    This unusual memento -- a square of yellow carpet -- was given to Michael Metrinko, one of the 52 hostages held in Iran for 444 days from 1979-1981. Framed in a shadowbox with a letter from the governor of New York as the backdrop, it is one example of the numerous letters,…